A World Lit Only by Fire | Chapter 15 of 16

Author: William Manchester | Submitted by: Maria Garcia | 10885 Views | Add a Review

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CHRONOLOGY

A.D. 410

Visigoths sack Rome

426

St. Augustine’s De civitate Dei

476

Fall of Rome, end of Western Roman Empire

493

Barbarian Clovis accepts Christ

539

Arthur of Britain slain

800

Charlemagne crowned in St. Peter’s

common

A.D. 1000

Leif Erikson reaches America

1100

200 years of crusades begin

1123

Future priests must be celibates

1215

Medieval papacy reaches culmination

1218–1224 Genghis Khan extends empire in west

1247

Robin Hood dies

1296

Marco Polo dictates memoirs

1347

First Black Death pandemic

1381

Oxford expels Wyclif

common

A.D. 1400

First stirrings of Renaissance

1414

Jan Hus betrayed

1433

Prince Henry the Navigator flourishes

1453

Constantinople falls

1458

Gutenberg’s Bible

1475

Birth of Cesare, Cardinal Borgia’s son

1477

Canterbury Tales

1478

Pope Sixtus IV conspires to slay Medicis during High Mass in Florence Cathedral

1480

Birth of Lucrezia, Cesare’s sister

1486

Dias rounds the tip of Africa

1484

Pied Piper murders 130 German children

1485

Le morte d’Arthur

1487

Torquemada named Grand Inquisitor Star Chamber in England

1488

King James III of Scotland murdered

1490

Savonarola’s first Bonfire of the Vanities

1492

Cardinal Borgia buys the papacy, becomes Pope Alexander VI

Columbus discovers the Bahamas

1495

Vatican revels with naked prostitutes

First syphilis outbreak ravages Naples

1497? Amerigo Vespucci in the New World

1497

Lucrezia Borgia’s triple incest

The pope’s eldest son, Juan, is murdered

1498

Manutius’s five-volume Aristotle published

Rise of humanism

Savonarola burned at the stake

Lucrezia gives birth to the Infans Romanus

common

A.D. 1500

Michelangelo: Madonna and Child

1501

Over 1,000 printing shops now in Europe

Pope acknowledges paternity of his daughter’s child

1502

All books challenging papal authority ordered burned

1503

Julius II: the Warrior Pope

New universities include Wittenberg and Frankfurt an der Oder

Leonardo da Vinci: Mona Lisa

1505

Death of Russia’s Ivan the Great

1506

First stone of St. Peter’s Basilica laid

1507

Violent death of Cesare Borgia

Waldseemüller christens “America”

Martin Luther ordained a Catholic priest

1508

First English translation of Thomas à Kempis’s De imitatione Christi

1509

Aged 18, Henry VIII becomes England’s king

Humanist Erasmus: Encomium moriae

His books encourage critics of Rome

Beginnings of slave trade in America

Judenspiegel: an eruption of anti-Semitism

1510

Da Vinci discovers principle of water turbine

Two speakers of the House of Commons beheaded

Da Vinci’s Anatomy

1512

Michelangelo completes Sistine Chapel ceiling

1513

Balboa sights the Pacific

Ponce de Leon reaches Florida

Machiavelli’s Il principe, inspired by Cesare Borgia

1514

Copernicus postulates the solar system in De hypothesibus … commentariolus

Heroides Christianae: humanist blasphemy

1515

Raphael named chief architect of St. Peter’s

England’s Thomas Wolsey made cardinal and lord chancellor

1516

More’s Utopia

Birth of the future Bloody Mary

Raphael: The Sistine Madonna

1517

Wolsey hangs 60 May Day rioters

Strangling of Cardinal Petrucci

Turks sack Cairo

Pope Leo X’s jubilee sale of indulgences

Martin Luther brands Tetzel a fraud

Luther posts Ninety-five Theses on church door

1518

He defies Cardinal Cajetan

Titian: The Assumption

1519

Luther vs. Eck

Erasmus refuses to support Luther

Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian dies

Spain’s King Carlos becomes Emperor Charles V

Magellan leaves to sail around the world

1520

San Julián mutiny against Magellan

He finds and negotiates Strait of Magellan

Rome hurls Exsurge Domine at Luther

He publishes Adel deutscher Nation

The pope excommunicates him

Aleandro’s witchhunt of Erasmus begins

Henry VIII and France’s Francis I meet on Field of the Cloth of Gold

Erasmus is Europe’s most popular author

German gunsmith invents the rifle

Scipione del Ferro solves cubic equation

1521

Diet of Worms; Luther becomes a fugitive

Germany rises in support of him

Magellan crosses the Pacific

He dies in Philippines

1522

The voyage of circumnavigation ends, vindicating Copernicus

Protestantism sweeps northern Europe

Archbishop slays Von Sickingen in battle

1524

Peasants’ revolt in Germany

1525

Tyndale’s translation of New Testament

Jakob Fugger II dies worth 6 million guilders

1527

Second sack of Rome; end of Renaissance

1528

Plague sweeps England

1529

Fall of Wolsey; More made lord chancellor

1533

Henry VIII divorces Catherine, marries pregnant Anne Boleyn; she gives birth to the future Elizabeth I

1534

Rabelais: Gargantua

Defiant Luther translates Bible into German

1535

Sir Thomas More beheaded for treason

1536

Pietro Aretino’s pornographic Ragionamenti

Queen Anne Boleyn found guilty of adultery and incest and beheaded

Tyndale burned at the stake

Death of Erasmus; his books banned

Calvin: Christianae religionis institutio

Comments

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Alice
Great book, nicely written and thank you BooksVooks for uploading

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